Short-term and long-term disability policies are available to individuals, but contemplating the expense, long-term policies are generally obtained solely by those with no much less than six-figure incomes, such as docs, lawyers, and so forth. Short-term incapacity insurance covers an individual for a period typically as much as six months, paying a stipend every month to cowl medical payments and other requirements. When insured events experience a loss for a specified peril, the coverage entitles the policyholder to make a declare in opposition to the insurer for the coated quantity of loss as specified by the policy. The payment paid by the insured to the insurer for assuming the danger is called the premium. Insurance premiums from many insureds are used to fund accounts reserved for later cost of claims – in concept for a relatively few claimants – and for overhead costs.